Office of Research

Research Awards

The following new awards list was generated using both The Ohio State University Office of Research e-Activity database as well as the OSU Medical School Research Awards Database which provides the Anticipated Total Award Amounts. Information about the new awards includes the principal investigator and co-principal investigators, title of project, the sponsor, anticipated total award amount, EHE department or Center, and an abstract and more information when available. Monthly listings reflect when e-Activity reported the award, and does not necessarily reflect the true project start date. In projects that span multiple colleges or universities, only the funds that would be recovered by EHE are included in the Anticipated Total Award Amount. For additional information or clarification, please contact the PI listed on the award.

2014

February 2014 Awards

BRUNO, RICHARD; Joshua Bomser
Human Sciences
Project Title: Transcriptional regulation of hepatic inflammation by green tea extract in rodent models of oxidative stress
Project Dates: 02/01/2014 – 01/31/2016
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $450,000
Project Sponsor: National Institute of Food & Agriculture
Project Abstract: The specific aims of this project include: 1) defining the mechanisms by which green tea suppresses inflammatory responses under the transcriptional regulation of NFκB, and 2) identifying the mechanisms by which green tea protects against NASH in a Nrf2-dependent manner. These proposed studies will provide a novel and innovative opportunity to simultaneously define the extent to which green tea regulates inflammation associated with dysfunctional lipid metabolism. Furthermore, the findings from this application could potentially provide the framework for the development of additional dietary strategies to attenuate inflammatory stress in humans, thereby improving the nation’s nutrition and health.

EVERTS, HELEN
Human Sciences
Project Title: Endogenous retinoids in the development and treatment of alopecial areata
Project Dates: 07/01/2013 – 06/30/2014
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $8,000
Project Sponsor: Cicatricial Alopecia Research Foundation
Project Abstract: Not available.

JULIAN, DAVID
Center on Education and Training for Employment (CETE)
Project Title: Evaluation of maternal, infant and early childhood home visiting program prenatal curriculum
Project Dates: 02/18/2014 – 09/30/2015
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $396,000
Project Sponsor: Ohio Department of Administrative Services
Project Abstract: Evaluators have designed a formal, state-of-the-art evaluation study to gain insight into the impact of an on-line training program called “InJoy Understanding Birth eClass.” ODH and the evaluation team hypothesize that exposure to this curriculum will result in enhanced knowledge, increased confidence of home visitors, increased retention, longer visits and ultimately, positive birth outcomes. Evidence has suggested that home visiting programs are powerful tools to address health disparities and other issues impacting pregnant women in Ohio. This project provides the opportunity to add to knowledge and practices regarding interventions aimed at improving health outcomes for Ohio mothers and their children.

KATZ, LAURIE; Millie Gort; Moira Konrad; Helen Malone; Tim San Pedro; Frank Troyan
Teaching & Learning
Project Title: Project REMODEL: Restructuring to meet the needs of Ohio’s diverse exceptional learners
Project Dates: 12/16/2013 – 06/30/2014
Anticipated Total Award: $106,104
Project Sponsor: University of Dayton (U.S. Department of Education)
Project Abstract: Currently, teacher preparation programs are not adequately preparing general educators to meet the needs of diverse learners. In an effort to better prepare Ohio’s teachers to address the needs of all learners in their classrooms, the overarching, long-term goal of this project is to restructure general education teacher licensure programs so that the redesigned programs may serve as models for other teacher education programs across the state.

MAHLMAN, ROBERT; Rebecca Parker
Center on Education and Training for Employment (CETE)
Project Title: Automated materials joining technologies project
Project Dates: 07/01/2013 – 06/30/2015
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $400,000
Project Sponsor: Ohio Department of Education
Project Abstract: The purpose of the AMJT Project is to develop a series of courses for secondary career-technical students in Ohio on the advanced manufacturing process of automated materials joining. It is part of the Southern Regional Education Board’s (SREB) multistate Preparation for Tomorrow (PFT) initiative to develop rigorous career‐technical programs to prepare students for high‐demand careers and postsecondary success. Since 2010, the AMJT Project has been a collaborative effort between the Ohio Department of Education’s Office of Career‐Technical Education and the Center on Education and Training for Employment at The Ohio State University.

PENTIMONTI, JILL; Jane Wiechel
The Crane Center for Early Childhood Research and Policy
Project Title: Weinland Park family-centered community change initiative
Project Dates: 09/15/2013 – 06/15/2014
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $89,508
Project Sponsor: Columbus Foundation
Project Abstract: The Weinland Park Collaborative (WPC) is engaged in the readiness stage for Family-Centered Community Change Initiative (FCCC) supported by the Annie E. Casey Foundation. Subsequent to the Readiness Phase, the WPC will engage in a full launch of the FCCC. Within both the readiness and launch stages, child-, family-, and community-level data will be vital for guiding formative aspects of the FCCC work (e.g., identifying potential mechanisms for change in the community, differentiating effective from ineffective strategies), facilitating summative evaluations conducted internally and externally, and exploring additional questions that will benefit the Weinland Park community.

This proposal seeks support for establishment and maintenance of the WPC data hub, which will be housed within the Crane Center for Early Childhood Research and Policy (CCEC) in a collaboration with the Schoenbaum Family Center (SFC) in the WPC. The CCEC is a college-level research center within the College of Education and Human Ecology at The Ohio State University. Leadership of the WPC data hub will be shared by Dr. Laura Justice (Executive Director, CCEC), Dr. Jane Wiechel (Executive Director, SFC), and Dr. Jill Pentimonti (Director of the Data Management Core, CCEC).

ROSS, MELISSA; Robert Mahlman
Center on Education and Training for Employment (CETE)
Project Title: Parent, community, educator collaboration project
Project Dates: 10/17/2013 – 06/30/2014
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $110,000
Project Sponsor: Ohio Department of Education
Project Abstract: The project will focus on achieving two goals: Coordination of Regional Family-Community Engagement Network; and provide project management to the State Professional Development Grant.

SLESNICK, NATASHA
Human Sciences
Project Title: OSU Star House: Engagement and stabilization services for homeless youth in central Ohio
Project Dates: 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2014
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $95,271
Project Sponsor: Ohio Attorney General’s Office
Project Abstract: Not available.

WIECHEL, JANE
Schoenbaum Family Center
Project Title: Early childhood education expansion grant
Project Dates: 07/01/2013 – 06/30/2014
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $8,400
Project Sponsor: Ohio Department of Education
Project Abstract: Not available.

January 2014 Awards

BEBO, PATRICIA
Human Sciences
Project Title: Ohio SNAP-ED Program
Project Dates: 10/01/2013 – 06/30/2015
Anticipated Total Amount: $4,698,063
Project Sponsor: Ohio Department of Jobs and Family Services
Project Abstract: OSU Extension, Family and Consumer Sciences' SNAP-Ed Program, has developed a scope of programming that aligns with the mission of OSU Extension, engaging people to strengthen their lives and communities through research-based educational programming. The scope of programming focuses on issues that individuals and families experience while striving for "healthy people, healthy finances, and healthy relationships". The development of our scope of programming included surveying an expert panel, conducting a literature review of secondary data and published research, and confirming the plan using an appreciative inquiry technique.

GUNTHER, CAROLYN
Human Sciences
Project Title: Simple Suppers Scale-Up (S3): A pilot study to determine the effectiveness of participation in an innovative child care-based family nutrition education and cooking program in improving the diet quality and weight status of preschool aged children
Project Dates: 11/30/2013 – 12/01/14
Anticipated Amount: $46,950
Project Sponsor: Cardinal Health Foundation
Project Abstract: For this study, we will test a weekly hands-on program that combines nutrition education with skill building in cooking/food preparation for children and their parents, delivered over 3m. Sessions will include nutrition education, cooking, family meal preparation, group meal, take-home educational materials, homework, and session evaluation. Our program will be delivered by trained staff during dinner at 5 Head Start child care sites in low income neighborhoods. Our rationale for this project is that its successful completion would provide the basis for guiding the design of a large-scale site randomized trial. At the conclusion of this project, it is our expectation that families participating in this interactive program will manifest improved food choices and eating behaviors that may ultimately improve diet quality and reduce the risk of obesity. This study can be expected to have a significant positive impact by providing a prototype for early establishment of healthy behaviors that leads to long-term benefits in promoting a lifestyle of health eating.

JULIAN, DAVID
CETE
Project Title: Resource Assessment for Opportunities for Ohioans with Disabilities Agency
Project Dates: 12/30/2013 – 09/30/2014
Anticipated Amount: $44,613
Project Sponsor: Opportunities for Ohioans with Disabilities
Project Abstract: A capacity analysis of the currently approved Vocational Rehabilitation Community Rehabilitation Programs (CRPs) is desired by the sponsor. OOD will provide projections by county of the anticipated service needs for consumers served by the VR program. CETE will establish and implement methodology to compare projected service needs with available capacity of CRPs to deliver these needed services. CETE will summarize this data analysis in a written report that includes answers to the following questions: (1) Is there a need to establish or expand provision of these Vocational Rehabilitation services in the state of Ohio to OOD consumers? (2) In what counties does the need exist and what type of service(s) are needed? (3) For those counties identified with potential need to establish or expand vocational rehabilitation (VR) services, what is the most viable and cost effective investment to provide the service(s) in those counties? (4) Are there a sufficient number of existing facilities, currently being utilized in each county, adequate to provide VR service needs of OOD consumers? If not, how could improvement be made?

JUSTICE, LAURA
Teaching & Learning
Project Title: Columbus Metropolitan Library Ready to Read
Project Dates: 09/01/2013 – 12/31/2014
Anticipated Amount: $25,000
Project Sponsor: Columbus Metropolitan Library
Project Abstract: The Weinland Park Collaborative (WPC) is engaged in the readiness stage for Family-Centered Community Change Initiative (FCCC) supported by the Annie E. Casey Foundation. Subsequent to the Readiness Phase, the WPC will engage in a full launch of the FCCC. Within both the readiness and launch stages, child-, family-, and community-level data will be vital for guiding formative aspects of the FCCC work (e.g., identifying potential mechanisms for change in the community, differentiating effective from ineffective strategies), facilitating summative evaluations conducted internally and externally, and exploring additional questions that will benefit the Weinland Park community.
This award will help with the establishment and maintenance of the WPC data hub, which will be housed within the Crane Center for Early Childhood Research and Policy (CCEC) in a collaboration with the Schoenbaum Family Center (SFC) in the WPC. The CCEC is a college-level research center within the College of Education and Human Ecology at The Ohio State University. Leadership of the WPC data hub will be shared by Dr. Laura Justice (Executive Director, CCEC), Dr. Jane Wiechel (Executive Director, SFC), and Dr. Jill Pentimonti (Director of the Data Management Core, CCEC).

KENNEL, JULIE
Human Sciences
Project Title: Team Nutrition Smarter Lunchrooms 2013-14
Project Dates: 07/01/2013 – 06/30/2014
Anticipated Total Amount: $33,780
Project Sponsor: Ohio Department of Education

PASTORE, DONNA
Human Sciences
Project Title: Professional Development and Mentoring for Mid-Career Faculty in Sport Management
Project Dates: 07/01/2013 – 06/30/2014
Project Sponsor: North American Society for Sport Management
Anticipated Total Amount: $2,512
Project Abstract: The purpose of this project is to determine the merit and applicability of the mid-career faculty development model proposed by Baldwin and Chang (2006). Another purpose is to elicit recommendations from associate and full professors in sport management for the development of a mid-career faculty mentoring program. It is expected that based on the findings, administrators, particularly department chairs since they have more direct contact with faculty, will be able to meet with mid-career faculty members to discuss a plan that ensures their success. The plan may include the identification of future goals and resources that are necessary to help the faculty member be successful.

SLESNIK, NATASHA
Human Sciences
Project Title: Community Shelter Board / STAR House partnership
Project Dates: 12/01/2013 – 06/30/2014
Project Sponsor: Community Shelter Board
Anticipated Total Amount: $12,000

WILD, TIFFANY
Teaching and Learning
Project Title: Full-Scale Development: National Center for Blind Youth in Science
Project Dates: 09/01/2013 – 08/31/2016
Project Sponsor: National Federation of the Blind
Anticipated Total Amount: $192,314
Project Abstract: Empirical research has shown that inquiry-based curricula, often used in informal settings and during the proposed residential program, are beneficial for blind youth. However, this research was based upon existing inquiry-based curriculum. Research has not examined student driven inquiry, informal science settings, experiences of blind youth's parents in STEM settings, or the ability of blind youth to conduct advanced investigations in STEM. In addition, no current published research exists to examine the self-efficacy of children with visual impairments regarding STEM. This project will be generating the first data to examine these many aspects of STEM education.

2013

December 2013 Awards

GOODWAY, JACQUELINE
Human Sciences
Project Title: The Effects of Professional Development Workshops on Teacher's Pedagogical Content Knowledge and Student Learning
Project Dates: 12/06/2013 – 12/31/2014
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $1,500
Project Sponsor: Ohio Association of Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance

GOODWAY, JACQUELINE
Human Sciences
Project Title: The Impact of SKIP on the Fundamental Motor Skills and Perceived Motor Competencies of Preschool Children
Project Dates: 11/04/2013 – 04/30/2014
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $2,000
Project Sponsor: North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity

LI, WEIDONG
Human Sciences
Project Title: A Pilot Study of Time Commitment: Benefit of Physical Activity and Cognition
Project Dates: 01/01/2014 – 09/01/2015
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $1,500
Project Sponsor: Ohio Association of Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance
Project Abstract: The long term goal of this work is to develop and implement effective physical activity (PA) interventions that improve not only physical health but also children's cognition and academic achievements. Our objective in this application is to conduct a pilot study on the efficacy of 4 different doses of PA on executive functions. We will systematically compare four variations in PA programs with respect to the doses of PA based on the findings from the randomized trial study by Davis et al. 4 (2011) and the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines3; In the study by Davis et al.4, overweight children participated in a 15-week program with three conditions: control, and 20 minutes or 40 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA). The findings showed a significant improvement in cognitive functions among participants in both 20 and 40 minutes of MVPA as compared to the control condition. No significant differences in the improvement of cognitive functions were observed between the two exercise groups. Therefore, we will specifically compare cognitive gains for exercise programs with 4 different doses at 0, 20 60, and 80 minutes of MVPA per day for 3 days per week for 19 weeks. The selection of 80 minutes will offer us opportunities to test whether the dose response relationship would exhibit a U-inverted shape or become saturated.

LUTHY, NICOLE
Ohio Resource Center
Project Title: Ohio Scaffold to the Stars: Phase II
Project Dates: 09/25/2013 – 12/31/2013
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $198,548
Project Sponsor: EDUCAUSE
Project Abstract: The proposed scope of work for the Ohio Scaffold to the Stars (OSTTS) project, which extends and builds on the prior work, seeks to develop and deliver a series of online modules to support students enrolled in developmental mathematics courses. These modules would target students at Ohio's two-year institutions, focusing primarily on those most at risk for not completing and passing developmental mathematics courses. Success in these courses is critical to students' matriculation into credit bearing mathematics courses and their completion of a post-secondary degree. Modules developed for this project will address the specific learning needs of students, focusing on the specific subject matter students need to master in order to be successful in college level courses.

MALONE, HELEN
Educational Studies
Project Title: Buckeye Behavioral Analysis Services
Project Dates: 09/01/2013 – 05/31/2014
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $58,173
Project Sponsor: Franklin County Board of Mental Retardation and Development Disabilities

ZIOUZENKOVA, OULIANA
Human Sciences
Project Title: Identification of Anti-Inflammatory Properties of Eggs in Adipose Tissue
Project Dates: 12/19/2013 – 12/18/2015
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $115,000
Project Sponsor: American Egg Board
Project Abstract: Eggs are well known for their unique bioactive macro- and micronutrient composition that support developing life. Studies on egg yolk composition led to the discoveries of vitamin A and therapeutic properties of phospholipids. Lines of evidence showed that egg yolk could have anti-inflammatory properties due to the presence of signaling proteins, phospholipids, or lipid-soluble carotenoids, vitamins A, E, and D. However, other compounds in the egg yolk, such as cholesterol and saturated fatty acids may counteract anti-inflammatory effects. Biological function of carotenoids and vitamin A depends on the production of bioactive metabolites (retinoids) and bioavailability of these compounds. Carotenoids and retinoids exert potential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties and have been implicated in the prevention of cancer and suppression of obesity. Nevertheless, only a fraction of bioactive micronutrients in the egg yolk have been investigated. It is unknown whether micronutrients in the egg yolk act synergistically to decrease inflammation in fat cell (adipocytes). The proposed project hypothesize that egg yolk contains antioxidant micronutrients decreasing inflammation in adipocytes.

November 2013 Awards

BLACKBURN, MOLLIE
Teaching and Learning
Project Title: Teachers and parents advocating for diversity in sexual identity and gender expression in schools: Scholars supporting research-informed action
Project Dates: 05/01/2013 – 04/30/2014
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $5,000
Project Sponsor: American Education Research Association
Project Abstract: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and questioning (LGBTQQ) and non-genderconforming young people continue to suffer daily hostility and limited access to educational attainment and well-being in schools. Research suggests that access to social, curricular, and adult/teacher support and implementation of comprehensive bullying and harassment policies can significantly change this situation and make things better for LGBTQQ students, and all students, in schools. In spite of this information, many adults in schools insist that they cannot, or will not, make these changes on behalf of young people. Through their conjoined efforts, and with the support of a team of educational researchers, this group of teachers and parents seeks to understand how and why some adults—parents, administrators, media specialists/librarians, school board members, counselors, and other teachers—feel able to do this work, and why others do not. Through interviews with these adults, as well as with former students, they seek to understand: What factors are interfering in adults' willingness to provide support to LGBTQQ youth? Why do some educators intervene while others do not? And, how might teachers and parents learn to advocate more actively for diversity in sexual identity and gender expression in schools? Through systematic inquiry and analysis, the group will address these questions and plan to disseminate what they learn locally, in their Central Ohio communities, through presentations in schools, Parent-Teacher organizations, and teacher education and professional development sessions; and nationally, through the collaborative writing and publication of a book.

NEEF, NANCY
Human Sciences
Project Title: Buckeye Behavioral Analysis Services
Project Dates: 09/01/2013 – 05/31/2014
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $25,000
Project Sponsor: Columbus City School District
Project Abstract: The proposed Buckeye Behavior Analysis Services (BBAS) project, representing a partnership with Ohio State and Columbus City Schools (CCS) will assist school personnel in meeting the needs of referred children with chronic behavioral and academic difficulties. Services will be provided by Ohio State special education faculty and students supported by a GRA position.

PAUL, PETER
Teaching and Learning
Project Title: Program for Preparation of Orientation and Mobility Specialists
Project Dates: 07/01/2013 – 06/30/2014
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $160,000
Project Sponsor: Ohio Department of Education (US Department of Education)
Project Abstract: The project has developed an Orientation and Mobility (O&M)
Personnel Preparation Program, housed in the Department of Teaching and Learning (College of Education and Human Ecology). The planning of the program occurred during the 2009 – 2010 academic year. The year 2010 – 2011 was the initial year for preparing students. Since 2010, a total of 15 students have graduated and 14 have passed the national licensure test and obtained Ohio Department of Education licensure. Seven additional students will graduate by the end of fall semester 2013.

WIECHEL, JANE
Weinland Park Lab School
Project Title: SPARK
Project Dates: 09/01/2013 – 06/30/2014
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $35,000
Project Sponsor: Homeless Families Foundation

ZIOZENKOVA, OULIANA
Human Sciences
Project Title: Identifying Protein Targets for the Induction of Thermogenesis in Visceral Fat
Project Dates: 11/01/2013 – 10/31/2015
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $192,286
Project Sponsor: Nova Nordisk Pharmaceuticals
Project Abstract: This project will identify mediators of VF thermogenesis using two animal models.

October 2013 Awards

BRUNO, RICHARD
Human Sciences
Project Title: Reduction of obesity-associated intestinal inflammation by low-fat dairy yogurt
Project Dates: 01/01/2013 – 12/31/2015
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $30,272
Project Sponsor: University of Connecticut (Dairy Research Institute)
Project Abstract: Dr. Bruno is providing the project with dietary counseling, co-supervising the enlisted post-doctoral fellow, verifying all data generated in his laboratory and assisting the project PI in authoring manuscripts.

MAHLMAN, ROBERT; Lepicki, Traci L.
Center on Education and Training for Employment (CETE)
Project Title: Adult Basic and Literacy Education (ABLE) personnel development network
Project Dates: 07/01/2013 – 06/30/2014
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $1,820,000
Project Sponsor: Ohio Board of Regents
Project Abstract: CETE within the College of Education and Human Ecology at The Ohio State University directs the Ohio Adult Basic and Literacy Education (ABLE) Professional Development Network (PDN). In partnership with the Ohio Literacy Resource Center at Kent State University, the PDN is a collaboration of content experts, trainers, and researchers working to deliver and support evidence-based, high quality, effective in-service professional development in areas of importance to nearly 1,000 Ohio ABLE professionals—administrators, support staff, and teachers.

SLESNICK, NATASHA
Human Sciences
Project Title: Star House
Project Dates: 07/01/2013 – 06/30/2014
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $665,196
Project Sponsor: Ohio Department of Mental Health

ROSS, MELISSA; Mahlman, Robert
Center on Education and Training for Employment (CETE)
Project Title: Provision of early literacy specialist services to SST region 16 (FY2014)
Project Dates: 09/01/2013 – 06/30/2014
Anticipated Total Award: $61,000
Project Sponsor: Athens-Meigs Educational Service Center
Project Abstract: The project will provide to Athens-Meigs Counties ESC all Early Learning and Literacy Services and other early childhood education services as necessary and appropriate) in Region 16 consistent with the intent and goals of ODE’s Offices of Early Learning and School Readiness & Exceptional Children as outlined in the ODE Performance Agreement for State Support Teams and the attached FY14 - SST16 Performance Agreement Early Learning and School Readiness Action Plan.

GABBE, PATRICIA
Weinland Park Lab School
Project Title: Moms2B Program
Project Dates: 09/20/2013 – 06/30/2014
Anticipated Total Award: $190,000
Project Sponsor: Ohio Governor’s Office for Faith-Based & Community Initiatives

DISILVESTRO, ROBERT A.; Swain, Carmen B.
Human Sciences
Project Title: ModCarb acute effects on aerobic exercise performance: clinical functionality study
Project Dates: 09/16/2013 – 03/15/2014
Anticipated Total Award: $61,994
Project Sponsor: Applied BioClinical, Inc.
Abstract: The primary objective of the proposed project tests whether one-time consumption of ModCarb in combination with a protein product will improve aerobic exercise performance in moderately trained young women. The secondary objective is to assess blood and/or saliva measures of glucose, lactate, and certain cytokines, before and after exercise in subjects treated or not treated with ModCarb + protein.

BLOOME, DAVID M.
Teaching & Learning
Project Title: CAWP Science writing project
Project Dates: 05/15/2013 – 12/31/2013
Anticipated Total Award: $2,000
Project Sponsor: National Writing Project Corp. (The John D. & Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation)
Abstract: This project is for planning and implementing a science writing project that includes professional development for teachers and an educational program for students. Teachers who have participated in the Columbus Area Writing Project (CAWP) Summer Institutes and related program will meet with CAWP co-directors and with educational consultants from COSI to plan a series of professional development events and educational programs.

September 2013 Awards

DING, LIN; Heckler, Andrew
Teaching & Learning
Project Title: Investigating and improving synthesis problem solving skills in introductory physics via analogical reasoning
Project Dates: 09/01/2013 – 08/31/2016
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $471,507
Project Sponsor: National Science Foundation
Project Abstract: Previous studies of problem solving in physics have primarily focused on students and experts solving textbook-like exercises containing a single concept that can be typically completed by simply searching for and manipulating in-chapter equations. These tasks often habituate students to formula-based algorithms and have limited impact on promoting expert-like heuristic problem solving. This project proposes to investigate and improve student skills in solving synthesis problems in introductory physics, that is: problems that require a joint application of multiple physics concepts including those that are taught in different chapters or at significantly different times in the course. Differing from the traditional textbook exercises and closer to real-world situations, these synthesis problems cannot be easily solved by using formula-based “plug-and-chug” approaches but rather require students to recognize and be able to coordinate multiple key concepts in order to reach a successful solution. Built on the well-established framework of analogical reasoning, this project seeks to (1) identify and characterize students’ and experts’ approaches to synthesis problems in physics, (2) evaluate and compare various methods of analogical reasoning aimed at promoting student synthesis problem solving skills, and (3) field test the most successful method in physics classrooms.

This project directly targets undergraduate students in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) who are enrolled in college-level introductory physics courses. The synthesis materials and analogical interventions investigated in the project will reach thousands of STEM learners across the nation to most effectively increase their problem solving skills. The project outcomes, including research-validated curricular materials, will be disseminated via publications, national and international presentations, workshops and online resources. These results will not only help improve physics education at the tertiary level but will also have bearing on our knowledge of problem solving and STEM education in general. More information

JUSTICE, LAURA M; O’Connell, Ann A.
Teaching & Learning
Project Title: Implementation and evaluation of the Solyluna Book-Reading Club
Project Dates: 08/01/2013 – 07/31/2015
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $49,995
Project Sponsor: W.K. Kellogg Foundation

MALONE, HELEN I
Educational Studies
Project Title: inPromptu: Using self-directed video prompting via iTechnology to improve employment outcomes for transition-age youth with intellectual and developmental disabilities
Project Dates: 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2014
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $75,000
Project Sponsor: National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation
Project Abstract: With a Distinguished Fellowship, the goals of this project are to: (a) conduct systematic, experimental research on the use of iP2 to enhance employment outcomes; (b) increase utilization of iP2 (available free from the Mac App Store) to employment specialists, job coaches, teachers, and researchers in special education and vocational rehabilitation; and (c) publish the findings from the studies in peer-reviewed journals and present at national special education and rehabilitation conferences. To determine the effectiveness of iP2 with persons from diverse groups, I will study transition-age youth (between the ages of 18 and 25) with moderate to severe IDD who are enrolled in a postsecondary program at Ohio State, the Transition Options in Postsecondary Settings (TOPS) program. Specifically, I will use single subject experimental research designs to examine the effectiveness of iP2 on increasing vocational skills in integrated employment settings. Over the course of the year, I expect to conduct at least four separate studies with between three and six participants per study. My research questions are: (a) Is skill acquisition enhanced when video prompts are faded systematically using iP2’s new video chunking feature?; (b) Can participants use iP2 to independently present their own individualized video prompts (i.e., self-directed video prompting) within integrated employment settings?; (c) Is self-directed video prompting via iP2 more cost and time efficient in aiding skill acquisition in vocational settings than instruction provided by a job coach?; and (d) Can participants generalize their use of iP2 to new skills in various integrated employment settings? In each study, I will collect maintenance data to determine how well participants are able to maintain independent use of iP2 over time.

DISILVESTRO, ROBERT ARNOLD; Devor, Steven Thomas
Human Sciences
Project Title: Acute effects of FruitX-B on exercise recovery
Project Dates: 07/15/2013 – 02/14/2014
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $68,581
Project Sponsor: FutureCueticals
Project Abstract: Carbohydrates in foods are used by the body as part of its energy fuel for exercise. Under some circumstances, eating or drinking a small amount of carbohydrate before and/or during exercise can improve performance. The idea is that keeping blood sugar a little high during exercise provides energy to working muscles. The amount of carbohydrate, the type, and the timing have all been given some research. Some ideas have emerged, but an ideal plan has not yet been formed. One concern about eating carbohydrate before exercise is that the body can overreact to a sudden intake of carbohydrate on an empty stomach. This overreaction could actually lower blood sugar, though study results vary. One way to counteract that reaction is to mix the carbohydrate with a little protein. Another idea is that eating the right types of carbohydrate does not evoke the blood sugar lowering reaction. A product has been developed from grains called ModCarb™ that may have the right types of carbohydrate. The grain extract also has a little protein and fiber, both of which tend to inhibit the blood sugar lowering reaction. A pilot study will be done to test ModCarb™, with and without added protein, for effects on aerobic exercise performance. Positive results could help improve exercise performance by athletes and people whose jobs require sustained exertion (ie certain military personnel). Also, better exercise performance can encourage continued exercise training for people who exercise for health and fitness.

ZIOUZENKOVA, OULIANA
Human Sciences
Project Title: Identifying protein targets for the induction of thermogenesis in visceral fat
Project Dates: 11/01/2013 – 10/31/2015
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $384,572
Project Abstract: White fat from obese patients has a limited number of adipocytes capable of converting energy into heat. These thermogenic adipocytes, known as bright, beige, or multilocular adipocytes, are termed ‘thermocytes’ in this proposal. Thermocytes are especially rare in the visceral fat (VF) depot. VF increases risks of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and some cancers. Numerous studies have shown an association between increased thermogenesis and obesity reduction. A mediator of thermogenesis irisin has recently been discovered as in subcutaneous fat (SF), while factors influencing thermogenesis in VF are unknown. Treatments with irisin can potentially lead to a decrease in SF adipokines, such as adiponectin that suppress insulin resistance and chronic inflammation. Proteins, inducing thermogenic remodeling in VF could have a therapeutic advantage in the reduction of both obesity and co-morbidities in 90 million obese Americans, and 150 million obese patients worldwide. We expect to identify mediators of VF thermogenesis using 2 animal models, such as systemic and tissue-specific animal models for visceral fat thermogenesis. We expect to identify thermogenic biologicals reducing VF efficiently in small animal models. This thermogenic mediator can be further tested in large obese animals in proof-of-concept studies and translated to treatment of obese patients in the future.

August 2013 Awards

DISILVESTRO, ROBERT ARNOLD; Devor, Steven Thomas
Human Sciences
Project Title: Acute and sustained effects of Spirulina on fatigue related measures
Project Dates: 04/10/2013 – 12/31/2013
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $68,581
Project Sponsor: Cyanotech Corporation

LUTHY, NICOLE; Justice, Laura M; Ross, Melissa Camille
Ohio Resource Center
Project Title: Early childhood comprehensive professional development project
Project Dates: 06/01/2013 – 12/30/2015
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $612,500
Project Sponsor: OH Child Care Resource & Referral Assoc
Project Abstract: The State has a mission that all early childhood professionals will have access to coordinated professional development opportunities and on-going supports that build their knowledge, competencies and skills for working with young children (birth through kindergarten entry) to achieve the outcomes of Ohio’s Race to the Top (RttT)—early Learning challenge Grant (ELCG). This mission is realized through the creation of a Comprehensive Professional Development System (CPDS) that targeted for Ohio’s early childhood professionals that includes a coordination and delivery model for the CPDS, crafting new PD modules, transformation of all PD into a common format for electronic delivery and delivery of the PD and associated technical assistance/coaching in conjunction with Ohio’s existing professional development provider networks. The Early Childhood Comprehensive Professional Development project is purposed bring this system into existence and to support it through innovative uses of online learning and strategic supports for providers of early learning opportunities. This new PD is being developed in partnerships around the state and is managed by the Ohio Department of Education (ODE). The College of Education and Human Ecology (CEHE), specifically the Center for Learning Excellence is working in collaboration with experts from Bowling Green State University, the University of Cincinnati, Miami University, Ohio University, Lorain County ESC and the ODE to the develop PD modules for early childhood professionals. The Ohio Resource Center, also one of CEHE’s Centers, is responsible for the conversion of the developed PD modules to an electronic (online) format and for the integration of the new PD modules with the State sponsored Learning Management System (LMS), ilearnOhio.

MAHLMAN, ROBERT ALAN
CETE
Project Title: CTE career field technical content standards 2013
Project Dates: 05/15/2013 – 06/30/2013
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $55,000
Project Sponsor: OH Department of Education
Project Abstract: CETE will develop Content Standards for the Agricultural and Environmental Systems Career Field and the Arts and Communications Career Field for ODE. This includes planning and coordinating the project, researching relevant labor market data, tracking state and national documents referenced, and assembling panels of business leaders across each of the industry sectors. Once the standards are developed with input from subject matter experts and ODE staff, CETE will hold content validation panels and conduct a Depth of Knowledge analysis on the content standards. More Information

WIECHEL, JANE MARIE
Schoenbaum Family Center
Project Title: Quality achievement award—SUTQ
Project Dates: 05/21/2013 – 05/20/2014
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $12,000
Project Sponsor: OH Child Care Resource & Referral Assoc

WILD, TIFFANY ANN
Teaching and Learning
Project Title: Personnel preparation special education and related services
Project Dates: 09/01/2013 – 08/31/2018
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $1,250,000
Project Sponsor: US Department of Education
Project Abstract: The Alternative Pathway Program (APP) at The Ohio State University, implemented in 2004, is a one year program designed for licensed teachers to complete coursework resulting in an intervention specialist licensure in visual impairment. Coursework is predominately taught online with scholars meeting a few Saturdays per semester as well as in the summer to complete licensure requirements. All APP courses and requirements reflect national standards, current research, and best practice. All faculty and staff are highly trained and have numerous years of experience. The grant will fund 35 teachers, 7 per year, to become licensed intervention specialists in visual impairment. Students accepted into the grant program will be awarded a scholarship which includes all trainee costs and therefore will not be required to work as a condition of receiving support. This program has three goals: (1) to increase the number of highly qualified licensed teachers of students with visual impairments, (2) increase the number of minority teachers of students with visual impairments, and (3) to increase the achievement level of the students for which the graduates will be teaching. All goals are measured and evaluated through an external evaluator and data provided to the program. More Information

July 2013 Awards

GIMBERT, BELINDA G; Mahlman, Robert Alan
CETE
Project Title: Intensive pedagogical training institute (IPTI) continuation
Project Dates: 07/01/2013 – 06/30/2015
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $198,370
Project Sponsor: OH Department of Education

LOADMAN, WILLIAM EARL
Educational Studies
Project Title: Grant theory based measurement
Project Dates: 07/01/2013 – 06/30/2015
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $99,800
Project Sponsor: OH Department of Education
Project Abstract: This project provides consultant services to the Ohio Department of Education to assist them in the development of competitive grant solicitations, the development of scoring rubrics used to score submitted applications, the training of readers to score the applications, the analysis of reader scores to establish competitive merit among the scored applications and to provide consultation on the interpretation of the analyzed results. The analyses are conducted using an Item Response Theory procedure to simultaneously calibrate the scoring rubric used in the scoring, the leniency/severity of the readers and the calibrated merit of each application. The analyses are conducted through a blinded data set to determine the ranking of each competitive application based on the theory based measurement program. The consultant provides the contracting agency support to each of the competitive grant programs offered by the Ohio Department of Education. More Information

ZIRKLE, CHRISTOPHER J
CETE
Project Title: FY2014-15 CTE teacher preparation and retention
Project Dates: 07/01/2013 – 06/30/2014
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $138,000
Project Sponsor: OH Department of Education

June 2013 Awards

BROSNAN, PATRICIA A; Manouchehri, Azita
Educational Studies
Project Title: Mathematics coaching program year 9
Project Dates: 05/22/2013 – 08/15/2014
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $5,621,622
Project Sponsor: OH Dept of Education
More Information

CRANE-ROSS, DUSHKA A; Lepicki, Traci L; Mahlman, Robert Alan
CETE
Project Title: Job analysis for peer support professional (Part 3)
Project Dates: 07/01/2012 – 12/31/2013
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $57,500
Project Sponsor: OH Dept of Mental Health

FAILLA, MARK L; Chitchumroonchokchai, Chureeporn
Human Sciences
Project Title: Use of the in vitro coupled digestion and Caco-2 intestinal cell model for assessing the effects of plant genotype and cooking styles of cassava, sweet potato and pumpkin on retention and bioaccessibility of pro-vitamin A carotenoids
Project Dates: 04/01/2013 – 01/31/2014
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $87,655
Project Sponsor: International Food Policy Research Institute

JUSTICE, LAURA M; Piasta, Shayne B
Teaching & Learning; Crane Center
Project Title: Read it again! in early childhood special education
Project Dates: 07/01/2013 – 06/30/2017
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $3,500,000
Project Sponsor: Institute of Education Sciences, US Department of Education

MOULTON, STEPHANIE MARIE; Blevins, Jason Ryan; Haurin, Donald Richard; Loibl, Caezilia ; Seligman, Jason Scott
Human Sciences
Project Title: Aging in place: Managing the use of reverse mortgages to enable housing stability
Project Dates: 05/28/2013 – 05/28/2016
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $55,500
Project Sponsor: Dept of Housing & Urban Development

NEEF, NANCY A
Educational Studies
Project Title: Buckeye behavior analysis services partnership with Columbus City Schools
Project Dates: 09/01/2012 – 05/31/2013
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $25,000
Project Sponsor: Columbus City School District

ZIRKLE, CHRISTOPHER J; Mahlman, Robert Alan; Nell, Susan Kay
CETE
Project Title: Corrections career technical teacher education—continuation
Project Dates: 07/01/2013 – 06/30/2015
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $185,142
Project Sponsor: Ohio Dept Rehabilitation & Correction

May 2013 Awards

FAILLA, MARK L; Chitchumroonchokchai, Chureeporn
Human Sciences
Project Title: Bioaccessibility CoQ, lutein and vitamin D: Phase 1
Project Dates: 4/18/2013 – 7/10/2013
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $33,342
Project Sponsor: Neptune Technologies and Bioresources
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MAHLMAN, ROBERT ALAN
CETE
Project Title: An evaluation of alignment between state career technical education standards and the common career technical core
Project Dates: 1/23/2013 – 8/31/2013
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $30,400
Project Sponsor: Global Skills X-Change
Project Abstract: The project is an evaluation of alignment between State Career Technical Education standards and the Common Career Technical Core (CCTC). The work is sponsored by the National Association of State Directors of Career and Technical Education Consortium (NASDCTEc); CETE is a subcontract of the primary contract holder, Global Skills Exchange (GSX). CETE’s role is to provide technical advisory on the alignment work and create a database application that allows users to view alignment results through different filters. More Information

SYKES, DENNIS JOHN; Ross, Melissa Camille
CETE
Project Title: Parent information network FY13
Project Dates: 1/3/2012 – 9/30/2012
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $19,200
Project Sponsor: OH Department of Education
More Information

April 2013 Awards

BRUNO, RICHARD
Human Sciences
Project Title: Vasoprotective activities of low-fat milk in individuals with metabolic syndrome
Project Dates: 9/1/2012 – 8/31/2013 (no cost extension through 8/2014)
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $72,716
Project Sponsor: Dairy Research Institute
Project Abstract: Low-fat milk is a high quality protein source containing bioactive compounds that are proposed to enhance vascular endothelial function and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The objective of this project is to define the mechanisms by which the acute consumption of low-fat milk protects against postprandial vascular endothelial dysfunction by reducing oxidative stress responses that limit nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability to the vascular endothelium. Our central hypothesis is that the consumption of low-fat milk will improve postprandial vascular endothelial function in an oxidative stress-dependent manner that allows greater NO bioavailability.To assess this hypothesis, we will complete the following specific aims: 1) examine improvements in postprandial vascular endothelial function in response to low-fat milk ingestion, 2) define low-fat milk-mediated improvements in circulating biomarkers of redox status, and 3) define the mechanism by which low-fat milk improves NO bioavailability. We will enroll men and women (18-50 y; >30 kg/m2) having the metabolic syndrome to complete a randomized, cross-over study that examines the extent to which low-fat milk (2 cups, 204 kcal) compared to an isocaloric volume of rice milk (negative control) protects against postprandial vascular dysfunction and oxidative stress responses known to increase CVD risk. More Information

BRUNO, RICHARD
Human Sciences
Project Title: Cardioprotective Synergy of Smoking Cessation and γ-Tocopherol in Restoring Vascular Endothelial Function
Project Dates: 10/1/2012 – 4/30/2013 (no cost extension through 4/2014)
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $58,330
Project Sponsor: Connecticut Department of Public Health
Project Abstract: Cigarette smoking is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and is the leading cause of premature mortality. The detrimental effects of smoking on vascular dysfunction are attributed to the oxidative/nitrative stress responses from smoke itself and the inflammatory responses it induces. Smoking cessation restores vascular function by alleviating these stress responses. However, smoking cessation with nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), the prevailing approach to mitigate tobacco dependence, fails to allow full restoration of vascular function due to nicotine-mediated oxidative/nitrative stress. The involvement of oxidative/nitrative stress, especially our evidence demonstrating that gamma-tocopherol (γ-T) disappearance is faster in smokers and that smoking cessation reduces γ-T nitration, supports that γ-T, a unique antioxidant capable of detoxifying reactive oxygen/nitrogen species, could be used as an effective therapy to overcome NRT-mediated vascular impairments. Thus, a critical public health problem exists to define the mechanisms by which NRT prevents restoration of vascular function and how these NRT-mediated impairments can be overcome by using γ-T as an innovative co-therapy. The basic knowledge and practical solutions gained from this project will contribute directly to the health and well-being of our stakeholders by providing a solution that better reduces the risk of CVD. More Information

GIMBERT, BELINDA G; Mahlman, Robert Alan
CETE
Project Title: Cross-project evaluation of the FY13 Ohio mathematics and science partnership (OSMP) program: Year one
Project Dates: 1/28/2013 – 6/30/2016
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $50,875
Project Sponsor: Miami Univ (US Department of Education)
Scope of Work (no abstract available): The Cross-Project Evaluation of the FY13 Ohio Mathematics and Science Partnership (OSMP) Program is a collaboration among Ohio's Evaluation & Assessment (E & A) Center for Mathematics and Science Education (Miami University), the Evaluation Services Center (University of Cincinnatt), the Center ofEducation and Training for Employment (CETE) (The Ohio State University), the Center on Urban Poverty & Community Development (Case Western Reserve University), and Evaluation Data Solutions (EDS). This evaluation is being conducted under the direction of Dr. Sarah Woodruff (MU), Dr. Debbie Zorn (UC), Dr. Belinda Gimbert (Ohio State), Dr. Robert Fischer (CWRU), and Dr. Raeal Moore (EDS). OSUCETE will: Provide coordination of evaluation activities and facilitate communication among theevaluation centers and with ODE; Co-lead with UCESC monitoring and assessment of projects’ model implementation fidelity and “fit”; Co-lead with UCESC monitoring and assessment of projects' PD quality and effectiveness; With EDS, conduct one site visit each at two of the state grantees (tentatively both at The Ohio State University: Math Coaches and Materials Science); With EDS, serve as the Cross-Project liaison to the two projects; Co-facilitate project meeting; Participate equally with MU, UC, CWRU, and EDS in researching and/ or developing potential evaluation tools and templates to be suggested to Ohio Department of Education (ODE) and grantees; Participate equally with MU, UC, CWRU, and EDS at training events; Participate equally with MU, UC, CWRU, and EDS in the assessment of project plans and project evaluation plans; Contribute to periodic feedback to ODE; Attend periodic meetings and conference calls to coordinate services to ODE from the five partners; Communicate regularly with the other four partners; Participate in data analysis.
More Information

LUTHY, NICOLE
Ohio Resource Center
Project Title: Scaffold to the stars/Educause
Project Dates: 12/1/2012 – 6/30/2013
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $134,060
Project Sponsor: Wright State Univ (EDUCAUSE)
Project Overview: Scaffold to the Stars provides access to a collection of open educational learning digital resources (textbooks, videos, problem sets) available to support instructors who teach developmental (remedial and credit bearing) mathematics courses. The library of resources is based on key topics and learning objectives developed by Ohio mathematics instructors. Once launched, teachers may search the collection to find resources aligned to their specific teaching goals and to create custom resource sets for their classes. Scaffold to the Stars support student achievement and success in mathematics. It reduces costs to students by providing free access to quality learning resources and connects to ongoing efforts throughout Ohio in K-12 and higher education to address math remediation concerns. The program is funded through a grant from Educause as part of the Next Generation Learning Challenge and was initially awarded to Steve Acker, Professor Emeritus, Ohio State (managed by Wright State University). Responsibility to complete the remaining grant activities was transferred to the Ohio Resource Center earlier this year through a subaward from Wright State University. More Information

MAHLMAN, ROBERT ALAN; Julian, David A
CETE
Project Title: Regional outcomes trainings
Project Dates: 2/21/2013 – 6/30/2013
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $12,000
Project Sponsor: OH Dept Alcohol & Drug Addiction Services
Project Abstract: On behalf of Ohio State, David Julian from CSNP/CETE shall develop 5 regional outcomes training sessions; collaborate with ODADAS Division of Prevention Services to ensure training is consistent with the National Outcomes Measurement System; and provide 5 regional trainings on the development and collecting of outcomes for prevention. More Information

SLESNICK, NATASHA
Human Sciences
Project Title: OSU STAR House: Engagement and stabilization services for homeless youth in Central Ohio
Project Dates: 2/20/2013 – 9/30/2013
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $57,380
Project Sponsor: Ohio Office of Attorney General (Office of Justice Programs)
More Information

March 2013 Awards

MALONE, HELEN IRENE; Wheaton, Joe Edward
Educational Studies
Project Title: inPromptu app refinement
Project Dates: 10/1/2012 – 9/30/2013
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $12,793
Project Sponsor: US Department of Education
Project Abstract: The inPromptu app was designed to teach daily living skills to students with moderate to severe disabilities using a video prompting system displayed on an iOS device. By providing individuals with moderate to profound disabilities a means to access instruction independently, we are providing a highly relevant assistive technology to this population of individuals. The app is available through the Apple App Store free of charge to all users. The goals of this project are to identify a developer who can make significant refinements to the app based on data we have collected working with students with severe to profound disabilities. The final outcome of this project will be a fully redeveloped app that will allow our users much greater usability by allowing for individualization of the app.

MEEKER, KATHLEEN ARTMAN
Human Sciences
Project Title: National center on quality teaching and learning
Project Dates: 9/15/2012 – 9/14/2013
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $47,748
Project Sponsor: Vanderbilt University/Administration for Children and Families
Project Abstract: The Head Start National Center on Quality Teaching and Learning provides support and technical assistance to Head Start regions, States, and grantees as they promote school readiness for all children. Part of this support is providing resources around evidence-based professional development approaches like coaching. NCQTL’s coaching model, practice-based coaching, is one of many approaches to coaching. The goal of practice-based coaching is to help teachers use effective everyday teaching practices that are important for children’s school readiness. It involves (a) helping teachers use newly acquired skills, strategies, or models on the job and (b) linking those skills, strategies, or models to positive child outcomes. OSU has four key responsibilities for the project: Product Development, Coaching Team Coordination, Field Testing, and Training and Professional Development. First, the PI will support the development of a Program Leaders’ Guide to Practice-Based Coaching, Coaching Case Studies, Component Documents, Training Materials, and peer-reviewed manuscripts. Second, the PI will coordinate the communications of the NCQTL coaching team across universities and partner organizations. Third, OSU will lead a field testing site to refine and evaluate Practice-Based Coaching. Finally, the PI will provide training and professional development at the local, state, regional, and national level as identified by NCQTL and Vanderbilt University. More Information

NORTON, ROBERT E; Mahlman, Robert Alan
CETE
Project Title: DACUM workshop services
Project Dates: 2/1/2013 – 3/31/2013
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $4,500
Project Sponsor: Marathon Pipe Line LLC

February 2013 Awards

DISILVESTRO, ROBERT ARNOLD
Human Sciences
Project Title: Comparison of the uptake of two sources of supplemental silicon
Project Dates: 11/16/2012 – 4/1/2013
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $13,878
Project Sponsor: Jarrow Formulas Inc

GOODWAY, JACQUELINE DAWN; Sutherland, Susan
Human Sciences
Project Title: Training in service preschool teachers to conduct a motor skill intervention
Project Dates: 1/27/2013 – 5/31/2014
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $1,500
Project Sponsor: Ohio Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance
Project Abstract: The purpose of this study is to investigate if trained in-service early childhood teachers can effectively deliver the SKIP motor skill intervention resulting in improvements in perceived and actual motor competence to the children in the SKIP intervention group as compared to the control children who will receive the typical standard of practice. This study will compare the performance of children in three groups across a 9-week intervention period. The SKIP-Expert group will receive the SKIP program delivered by an expert in motor development, the SKIP-Teacher group will receive the SKIP program delivered by a trained early childhood teacher. These two groups will be compared to a Comparison group who will receive well equipped free play which is the standard of practice for the early childhood program. Pretest, posttest, retention test differences in FMS and perceive motor competence will be examined in all children along with process variables for the SKIP intervention groups. It is hypothesized that children in the SKIP-Expert and SKIP-Teacher groups will have significantly better actual and perceived motor competence from pretest to posttest than the Comparison group. These findings have implications to teacher education, professional development of inservice teachers and early childhood policy. More Information

LIGHTLE, KIMBERLY SUE; Cervenec, Jason; Lightbody, Mary; Xie, Kui
Admin, Educational Studies
Project Title: Connecting climate science and inquiry in K-6 classrooms
Project Dates: 1/20/2013 – 5/31/2014
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $102,958
Project Sponsor: OH Board of Regents
Project Abstract: The goals of the Connecting Climate Science and Inquiry in K-6 Classrooms project are to increase K-6 elementary teachers’ understanding of Earth Systems and climate science, enhance their pedagogical knowledge of inquiry, differentiation, and use of informational text, and improve students’ understanding of the foundational concepts of climate science and increase their interest in science and science careers. Structured around the Seven Essential Principles for Climate Sciences and the resources from the Beyond Weather and the Water Cycle online professional development magazine, professional development will take elementary teachers past the superficial understanding of weather and the water cycle to a solid understanding of the Earth System. The project builds upon the framework for climate literacy and connects life, earth, space, and physical science concepts to the broader elementary curriculum. In addition to focusing on increasing content knowledge, the project promotes the use of science-themed informational text within the context of high-quality, inquiry-based science instruction. The outcomes for teachers include: an increased understanding of climate science and the nature of science; the ability to create lessons and/or units modeled after the learning cycle that foster science content knowledge and reading, writing, and discussion; the ability to create differentiated assignments to address diverse student strengths and needs; and the ability to meaningfully integrate informational text into inquiry lessons. The outcomes for students include increased opportunities to engage in active and inquiry-based learning; improved understanding of science and the nature of science; improved proficiency in science practices and in supporting their ideas with evidence; as well as increased interest in science careers. The principle partners include College of Education and Human Ecology, OSU (Kimberly Lightle, Mary Lightbody, Teresa Shiverdecker, Kui Xie); the Byrd Polar Research Center, OSU (Jason Cervenec, Lonnie Thompson, Ellen Moseley-Thompson, Bryan Mark); and Central Ohio school districts (Hamilton Local, South-Western City, Heath City, Newark City, and Worthington City). More Information

LILLARD, DEAN R
Human Sciences
Project Title: Cross-national patterns and predictors of life-cycle smoking behavior
Project Dates: 2/1/2013 – 7/31/2014
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $966,544
Project Sponsor: National Institute on Aging

RICHARDSON, ELAINE B
Teaching & Learning
Project Title: Developing critical literacies of black womanhood in an afterschool program in a university and community-based service learning context
Project Dates: 1/14/2013 – 8/1/2013
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $5,500
Project Sponsor: National Council of Teachers of English
Project Abstract: This study seeks to examine a gender race specific approach to critical literacy education in an Afterschool program for Black middle school girls focused upon what it means to be a Black woman and girl in contemporary urban America. In addition to fostering critical literacies of Black womanhood, including knowledge of self and society, the work seeks to uncover more specifically issues, strategies, pedagogical approaches, which need refinement, redirection, and inclusion in girl centered literacy education. This project aligns with CCCCs interest in supporting writing in informal settings. The work also builds on previous work that has been done in the area of culturally based approaches to literacy and expands upon it by adding a multi-faceted approach which includes service learning experience, mentoring and performance arts. The key element of impact derived from this project is that it attempts to address several layers of change in and outside of educational institutions. More Information

WIECHEL, JANE MARIE
Admin
Project Title: Child adult care food program (CACFP) renewal 2012-2013
Project Dates: 10/1/2012 – 9/30/2013
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $34,567
Project Sponsor: OH Department of Education
Project Abstract: Child and Adult Care Food Programs (CACFP) provides meal reimbursements for licensed or approved child and adult care centers to help promote understanding of nutrition in overall health and develop positive food-related attitudes and behaviors More Information

January 2013 Awards

BRUNO, RICHARD
Human Sciences
Project Title: Dairy fat as a mediator of vitamin E adequacy in individuals with metabolic syndrome
Project Dates: 12/1/2012 – 11/30/2015
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $252,140
Project Sponsor: Dairy Research Institute
Project Abstract: The objective of this project is to define the extent to which dairy fat facilitates adequate vitamin E status in individuals with metabolic syndrome, a population at high-risk for NASH, by improving α-tocopherol bioavailability. Our central hypothesis is that full-fat dairy will substantially increase α-tocopherol bioavailability to the extent needed to facilitate production of α-carboxyethyl-hydroxy-chromanol (α-CEHC), a metabolite of α-tocopherol validated to predict α-tocopherol status. We will therefore complete the following specific aims: 1) define milk fat-mediated improvements in α-tocopherol bioavailability, and 2) define dairy fat-mediated improvements in α-tocopherol status. Work proposed herein utilizes blood and urine specimens collected from a common study design. We will enroll healthy adults and those with metabolic syndrome to complete a randomized cross-over study. Our studies will be conducted in the Clinical Research Center at The Ohio State University Medical Center to take advantage of its intellectual and physical resources that better enable the successful completion of controlled human interventions. Our work will utilize deuterium-labeled α-tocopherol coupled with LC-MS analysis to define that whole milk, compared to low-fat and fat-free milk, increases α-tocopherol bioavailability in a milk fat-dependent manner. We also expect to show that co-ingestion of deuterium-labeled α-tocopherol with low-fat milk compared to soy milk, significantly improves α-tocopherol bioavailability. These studies are also expected to show that milk fat-dependent increases in α-tocopherol bioavailability result in greater production and excretion of α-CEHC, thereby demonstrating milk fat promotes vitamin E adequacy. The PI and his research team are ideally prepared to undertake this important problem. We have significant experience conducting clinical trials and the expertise and infrastructure to successfully complete all the proposed biochemical markers and procedures outlined in this novel project. More Information

KENNEL, JULIE ANNE; Gunther, Carolyn Woods
Human Sciences
Project Title: Smarter lunchroom audits and smarter lunchroom implementation plans
Project Dates: 12/10/2012 – 6/30/2013
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $2,000 (anticipated)
Project Sponsor: OH Department of Education
Project Abstract: The Smarter Lunchrooms Movement was started in 2009 with the goal of creating sustainable research-based lunchrooms that guide smarter choices. It is a grassroots movement of those concerned with the way children eat and wish to change these behaviors through the application of evidence-based lunchroom focused principles that promote healthful eating. More Information

LOIBL, CAEZILIA; Moulton, Stephanie Marie
Human Sciences
Project Title: Travel expenses for AmeriCorps members conducting community outreach and providing program enrollment assistance for the Save the Dream Ohio, Restoring Stability initiative
Project Dates: 12/1/2012 – 6/30/2013
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $20,000
Project Sponsor: OH Housing Finance Agency
Project Abstract: Travel expenses for AmeriCorps members conducting community outreach and providing program enrollment assistance for the Save the Dream Ohio, Restoring Stability initiative. More Information

WARNICK, BRYAN R.
Educational Studies
Project Title: The ethics of cash-for-grades
Project Dates: 10/1/2012 – 9/30/2013
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $40,000
Project Sponsor: Spencer Foundation
Project Abstract: A growing number of schools have begun experimenting with providing “conditional cash transfers” to students to improve their academic performance. This practice has come to be known as cash-for-grades, although the desired outcomes can go beyond grades to include showing up for class, test performance, or reading books. This study will examine the ethical questions involved with providing conditional cash transfers to students. The aim is to go beyond the question of whether the programs “work” and also beyond the initial gut reactions -- both positive and negative -- that many educators have to these programs, moving toward a more nuanced understanding of the moral and political issues at stake. The study will involve two central projects. The first project will uncover the hidden assumptions being made in the debate about cash incentives. The central question: What is being presupposed about human action and motivation, about the role of a “student,” and about the goals of education in a democratic society? The second project will examine the practice of paying students as it relates to educational justice. Can paying underserved students contribute to justice and educational equality? Does justice, in fact, require that we pay students for their now exploited “educational labor”? Or does paying students undermine needed systemic reforms and send the wrong message about the nature of democratic citizenship? More Information