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Contact information for regional faculty members is located on the main College Directory.

William Kraemer

Professor, Department of Human Sciences

Program Area: Kinesiology

(614) 688-2354


Dr. Kraemer took his current position at The Ohio State University in 2014. During his career he has managed and directed a diverse and incredible range of research portfolios over the past 30 years in Division I research institutions including the Pennsylvania State University and University of Connecticut.  His prior research as an officer in the U.S. Army gave him insights into the challenges of military service and the need for training and recovery methods to cope with stress. His laboratory groups and their scientific collaborators have taken on various problems related to exercise training and recovery in men and women in military and athletic populations and the interventions that can enhance performance.  They have examined nutritional interventions as an important tool for enhancing performance, health and recovery.  From basic cellular studies examining muscular and endocrine effects of microgravity and pituitary cell function to hypertrophy from exercise training, animal models have provided basic findings for human studies.  His work in sports medicine and sports science has led to him being named one of the top sport scientists in the world.  A wide span of subject populations from children to older adults have been involved with these studies with an emphasis on women’s health including breast cancer. One of his primary lines of research has been directed toward the understanding of resistance exercise and training and its programming for health, fitness and high performance training.  Using the latest laboratory techniques in neuroscience, neuromuscular and endocrine sciences have led to important discoveries and solutions to problems.  Together the integration of systems physiology and multi-disciplinary teams have provided his long-standing approach to scientific investigation.  With over 470 peer reviewed scientific publications and 12 books and over 51,000 citations on Harzing’s Publish or Perish lists, his scholarly impact has been impressive. An honorary doctorate from the University of Jyväskylä in Finland in 2016 also demonstrated the worldwide influence of his research.  His research has garnered millions of dollars of external funding from federal, corporate and institute funding sources.


  • PhD, Zoology and Physiology, University of Wyoming, 1984
  • MS, Allied Health Professions, Exercise Physiology, University of Wyoming, 1978
  • BS, Health and Physical Education, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, 1975

Selected Publications

Selected Example Publications (from over 470)
1.    Szivak TK, Lee EC, Saenz C, Flanagan SD, Focht BC, Volek JS, Maresh CM, Kraemer WJ. Adrenal Stress and Physical Performance During Military Survival Training. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2018 Feb 1;89(2):99-107, 2018.
2.    Kraemer WJ, Ratamess NA, Nindl BC. Recovery responses of testosterone, growth hormone, and IGF-1 after resistance exercise. J Appl Physiol (1985). Mar 1;122(3):549-558, 2017.  
3.    Kraemer WJ, Kennett MJ, Mastro AM, McCarter RJ, Rogers CJ, DuPont WH, Flanagan SD, Turbitt WJ, Fragala MS, Post EM, Hymer WC. Bioactive growth hormone in older men and women: It's relationship to immune markers and healthspan. Growth Horm IGF Res.  Jun;34:45-54, 2017.
4.    Kraemer WJ, Ratamess NA, Flanagan SD, Shurley JP, Todd JS, Todd TC. Understanding the Science of Resistance Training: An Evolutionary Perspective. Sports Med.  Dec;47(12):2415-2435, 2017.
5.    Grindeland RE, Kraemer WJ, Hymer WC. Two types of rat pituitary somatotrophs secrete growth hormone with different biological and immunological profiles. Growth Horm IGF Res. Oct;36:52-56, 2017.
6.    Kraemer WJ, Hooper DR, Kupchak BR, Saenz C, Brown LE, Vingren JL, Luk HY, DuPont WH, Szivak TK, Flanagan SD, Caldwell LK, Eklund D, Lee EC, Häkkinen K, Volek JS, Fleck SJ, Maresh CM. The effects of a roundtrip trans-American jet travel on physiological stress, neuromuscular performance, and recovery. J Appl Physiol (1985). Aug 1;121(2):438-48, 2016.  
7.    Kraemer WJ, Gordon SE, Fragala MS, Bush JA, Szivak TK, Flanagan SD, Hooper DR, Looney DP, Triplett NT, DuPont WH, Dziados JE, Marchitelli LJ, Patton JF. The effects of exercise training programs on plasma concentrations of proenkephalin Peptide F and catecholamines. Peptides.  Feb; 64:74-81, 2015.
8.    Gordon SE, Kraemer WJ, Looney DP, Flanagan SD, Comstock BA, Hymer WC. The influence of age and exercise modality on growth hormone bioactivity in women Growth Horm IGF Res. Apr-Jun;24(2-3):95-103, 2014.
9.    Szivak TK, Kraemer WJ, Nindl BC, Gotshalk LA, Volek JS, Gomez AL, Dunn-Lewis C, Looney DP, Comstock BA, Hooper DR, Flanagan SD, Maresh CM. Relationships of physical performance tests to military-relevant tasks in women.  US Army Med Dep J. Apr-Jun: 20-26, 2014.
10.    Smith RA, Martin GJ, Szivak TK, Comstock BA, Dunn-Lewis C, Hooper DR, Flanagan SD, Looney DP, Volek JS, Maresh CM, Kraemer WJ. The effects of resistance training prioritization in NCAA Division I Football summer training.  J Strength Cond Res. Jan; 28(1):14-22, 2014
11.    Kraemer WJ, Flanagan SD, Volek JS, Nindl BC, Vingren JL, Dunn-Lewis C, Comstock BA, Hooper DR, Szivak TK, Looney DP, Maresh CM, Hymer WC. Resistance exercise induces region-specific adaptations in anterior pituitary gland structure and function in rats. J Appl Physiol (1985). Dec;115(11):1641-7, 2013.
12.    Evans RK, Negus CH, Centi AJ, Spiering BA, Kraemer WJ, Nindl BC. Peripheral QCT sector analysis reveals early exercise-induced increases in tibial bone mineral density J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact. Sep; 12(3):155-64, 2012
13.    Kraemer WJ, Szivak TK. Strength training for the warfighter. J Strength Cond Res. Jul; 26 Suppl 2:S107-18, 2012.
14.    Flanagan SD, Dunn-Lewis C, Comstock BA, Maresh CM, Volek JS, Denegar CR, Kraemer WJ. Cortical Activity during a Highly-Trained Resistance Exercise Movement Emphasizing Force, Power or Volume Brain Sci.  Nov 20; 2(4):649-66, 2012.
15.    Thomas GA, Kraemer WJ, Kennett MJ, Comstock BA, Maresh CM, Denegar CR, Volek JS, Hymer WC. Immunoreactive and bioactive growth hormone responses to resistance exercise in men who are lean or obese. J Appl Physiol (1985). Aug;111(2):465-72, 2011.
16.    Ahtiainen JP, Hulmi JJ, Kraemer WJ, Lehti M, Nyman K, Selänne H, Alen M, Pakarinen A, Komulainen J, Kovanen V, Mero AA, Häkkinen K. Heavy resistance exercise training and skeletal muscle androgen receptor expression in younger and older men. Steroids. Jan;76(1-2):183-92, 2011.
17.    Kraemer WJ, Dunn-Lewis C, Comstock BA, Thomas GA, Clark JE, Nindl BC. Growth hormone, exercise, and athletic performance: a continued evolution of complexity. Curr Sports Med Rep. Jul-Aug;9(4):242-52, 2010.
18.    Kraemer WJ, Vingren JL, Schuenke MD, Kopchick JJ, Volek JS, Fragala MS, Häkkinen K, Jen-Ho, Thomas GA, Staron RS. Effect of circulating growth hormone on muscle IGF-I protein concentration in female mice with growth hormone receptor gene disruption.  Growth Horm IGF Res. Jun;19(3):242-4, 2009.
19.    Kraemer WJ, Nindl BC, Volek JS, Marx JO, Gotshalk LA, Bush JA, Welsch JR, Vingren JL, Spiering BA, Fragala MS, Hatfield DL, Ho JY, Maresh CM, Mastro AM, Hymer WC. Influence of oral contraceptive use on growth hormone in vivo bioactivity following resistance exercise: responses of molecular mass variants. Growth Horm IGF Res. 2008 Jun;18(3):238-44, 2008.
20.    Kraemer WJ, Nindl BC, Marx JO, Gotshalk LA, Bush JA, Welsch JR, Volek JS, Spiering BA, Maresh CM, Mastro AM, Hymer WC. Chronic resistance training in women potentiates growth hormone in vivo bioactivity: characterization of molecular mass variants. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. Dec;291(6):E1177-87, 2006.
21.    French DN, Gómez AL, Volek JS, Rubin MR, Ratamess NA, Sharman MJ, Gotshalk LA, Sebastianelli WJ, Putukian M, Newton RU, Häkkinen K, Fleck SJ, Kraemer WJ. Longitudinal tracking of muscular power changes of NCAA Division I collegiate women gymnasts.  J Strength Cond Res.  Feb;18(1):101-7, 2004.
22.    Kraemer WJ, Nindl BC, Ratamess NA, Gotshalk LA, Volek JS, Fleck SJ, Newton RU, Häkkinen K. Changes in muscle hypertrophy in women with periodized resistance training. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2004 Apr;36(4):697-708, 2004.
23.    Marx JO, Kraemer WJ, Nindl BC, Larsson L. Effects of aging on human skeletal muscle myosin heavy-chain mRNA content and protein isoform expression. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci.  Jun;57(6):B232-8, 2002.
24.    Hymer WC, Kraemer WJ, Nindl BC, Marx JO, Benson DE, Welsch JR, Mazzetti SA, Volek JS, Deaver DR Characteristics of circulating growth hormone in women after acute heavy resistance exercise. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. Oct;281(4):E878-87, 2001.
25.    Kraemer WJ, Mazzetti SA, Nindl BC, Gotshalk LA, Volek JS, Bush JA, Marx JO, Dohi K, Gómez AL, Miles M, Fleck SJ, Newton RU, Häkkinen K. Effect of resistance training on women's strength/power and occupational performances. Med Sci Sports Exerc.  Jun;33(6):1011-25, 2001.
26.    Kraemer WJ, Staron RS, Gordon SE, Volek JS, Koziris LP, Duncan ND, Nindl BC, Gómez AL, Marx JO, Fry AC, Murray JD. The effects of 10 days of spaceflight on the shuttle Endeavor on predominantly fast-twitch muscles in the rat. Histochem Cell Biol. Nov;114(5):349-55, 2000.
27.    Kraemer WJ, Marchitelli L, Gordon SE, Harman E, Dziados JE, Mello R, Frykman P, McCurry D, Fleck SJ. Hormonal and growth factor responses to heavy resistance exercise protocols. J Appl Physiol (1985). Oct;69(4):1442-50, 1990.
28.    Kraemer, W.J., B.J. Noble, B.W. Culver, and M.J. Clark.  Physiologic responses to heavy-resistance exercise with very short rest periods.  Intl J Sports Med., 8:247-252, 1987.
29.    Kraemer WJ, Noble B, Culver B, Lewis RV. Changes in plasma proenkephalin peptide F and catecholamine levels during graded exercise in men. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A.  Sep;82(18):6349-51, 1985.