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Carla Miller is professor of Human Nutrition in the Department of Human Sciences. Her research is informed by her years working as a clinical dietitian with patients with cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes, specifically, behavioral nutrition for health promotion and disease prevention; nutrition education; and diabetes self-management.
She completed her doctoral training at Pennsylvania State University and initiated a research program in intervention science to understand how and why people make nutrition-related behavior changes. She served on the faculty at The University of North Carolina Greensboro and Penn State University. During her tenure at Penn State University, she served as the associate director of the Penn State Diabetes Center. Miller joined the faculty at OSU in 2007.
She serves as the associate director for the Interdisciplinary PhD Program in Nutrition at Ohio State and teaches courses in nutrition education and behavior change and research design. Miller is a fellow in the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics and a member of the OSU Food Innovation Center, the Center for Integrative Health and Wellness and the Center for Clinical and Translational Sciences.
- PhD, Nutrition, Pennsylvania State University, 1997
Miller's research focuses on the development, implementation and evaluation of behavioral interventions for the prevention or management of diabetes among adults using theoretical models of change. She strives to understand techniques which promote dietary change and the inter-relationship among those techniques and health to develop more effective interventions. The link between intervention content with theory is examined to better understand causal mechanisms of change.
- Miller CK, Headings A, Peyrot M, Nagaraja H. Goal difficulty and goal commitment affect adoption of a lower glycemic index diet in adults with type 2 diabetes. Patient Education & Counseling 2012;86:84-90.
- Miller CK, Headings A, Peyrot M, Nagaraja H. A behavioral intervention incorporating specific glycemic index goals improves dietary quality, weight control and glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes. Public Health Nutrition 2011;14:1303-1311.
Miller CK, Kristeller JL, Headings A, Nagaraja H, Miser WF. Comparative effectiveness of a mindful eating intervention to a diabetes self-management intervention among adults with type 2 diabetes: A pilot study. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition & Dietetics 2012;112:1835-1842.
- Miller CK, Kristeller JL, Headings A, Nagaraja H. Comparison of a mindful eating intervention to a diabetes self-management intervention among adults with type 2 diabetes: A randomized controlled trial. Health Education & Behavior, 2014;41:145-154.
- Miller CK, Bauman J, Goal setting: An integral compnent of effective diabetes care. Current Diabetes Reports 2014:14:509.
- Miller CK, Weinhold KR, Marrero DG, Nagaraja HN, Focht BC. A translational worksite diabetes prevention trial improves psychosocial status, dietary intake and step counts among employees with prediabetes: A randomized controlled trial. Preventive Medicine Reports 2015;2:118-126.
- Weinhold KR, Miller CK, Marrero DG, Nagaraja HN, Focht BC, Gascon G. A randomized controlled trial translating the Diabetes Prevention Program to a university worksite, Ohio, 2012-2014. Preventing Chronic Disease, 2015:12:150301. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5888/pcd12.150301.
- Miller CK, Nagaraja HN, Weinhold KR. Early weight loss success identifies non-responders following a lifestyle intervention in a worksite diabetes prevention trial. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition & Dietetics 2015;115:1464-1471.
- Miller CK, Weinhold KR, Nagaraja HN. Impact of a worksite diabetes prevention intervention on diet quality and social cognitive influences of health behavior: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Nutrition Education & Behavior 2016;48:160-169.
- Miller CK, Weinhold KR, Mitchell DC. Using ecological momentary assessment to track goal progress toward the adoption of a low glycemic index diet among adults with type 2 diabetes: A pilot study. Topics in Clinical Nutrition 2016;31:323-334.
- Swoboda CM, Miller CK, Wills CE. Setting single or multiple goals for diet and physical activity behaviors improves cardiovascular disease risk factors in adults with type 2 diabetes: A pragmatic pilot randomized trial. Diabetes Educator 2016;42:429-443.
- Swoboda CM, Miller CK, Wills CE. Impact of a goal setting and decision support telephone coaching intervention on diet, psychosocial, and decision outcomes among people with type 2 diabetes. Patient Education & Counseling 2017;100:1367-1373.
- Miller CK, Pawelczyk K, Cheavens J, Fujita K, Moss S. Development and pilot testing of a novel behavioral intervention for adults with type 2 diabetes. Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine 2017;5:317-336. https://doi.org/10.1080/21642850.2017.1377618.